Missouri State Penitentiary
No longer an active prison as of 2004, was opened in 1836 that housed inmates. It is now known as “The Bloodiest 47 Acres in America” due to all the executions, escapes and riots in 1954.
Missouri State Penitentiary (also known as MSP for short) supported the death penalty and the form of death was to use lethal gas instead of the electric chair for serious crimes.
It wasn’t until 1842 when the first female was sent to prison and shared the same facility as men. Although the Missouri State Penitentiary separated men and women. Missouri State Penitentiary was the second largest prison in the United States in the 1890’s. The women of MSP were able to work outside the prison where they could garden or farm.
By 1868, there was 738 inmates and escapes became frequent. One inmate in particular escaped by sneaking into a shipment of bread loaves, as he worked in the prison bakery. After his escaped the truck and later went on to plan and execute the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Tour the grounds of cell replicas, gas chambers, yard and more to see the various types of tours offered: Ghost, History & Photography Tours.
The Missouri State Penitentiary can be located on Lafayette and Capitol Ave., Jefferson City, MO.